New educational framework for future challenges
In response to world wide resonance of globalization, Internationalization, free trade movements and transnational migration of Academics around the world. Bangladesh has witnessed major change in its educational scenario over the past decades. While these changes have largely followed global patterns.espeically those manifested in developing countries and in particular, developing countries in south Asia. A good number of Commission and committee were formed in different time to make changes in educational arena.
following the re commendation, education system has been changed based on socio political and economical status for accomplishing sustainable developments and other factors. Bangladesh has introduced a new framework of education system. It will be implemented for all from 2023 and the new curriculum for primary and secondary level will fully be implemented in 2025.
Existing Education Policy
The government formed a sixteen member Committee to update the National education policy 2000 which was headed by National Professor kabir Chowdhury.
The final draft of the national education policy 2009 was formally submitted to the prime Minister on 7 September, 2009. The salient feature of the recommendations of the committee include revising the stages of under graduate education from three to two.the mandatory inclusion of certain compulsory subjects under all streams of education, making education more need based and forming a permanent education Commission. The policy paper recommends extending
compulsory primary schooling to eight years. Final primary level exams will be helps at the end of class 8 and scholarships will be awarded based on the results. The new policy also recommends that secondary level studies will extend over four academic years,classes 9-12 and the government Scholarship exams will be taken at the end of class 10, as well as final secondary level exams will be held at the end of class 12. Some fundamental subjects including bangla, moral education, Bangladesh studies, mathematics, natural environment, social studies,it and science will be made compulsory in different streams of primary and secondary level curriculum. Accordingly madrasha education will be restructured by including information Technology and vocational training among compulsory subjects.
The new curriculum places importance on acquiring students competence. It is generally said that a students competence is built up by acquiring knowledge, skills,values and ethics.
(NC.TB) points out that when a students reads or hears about how a car is driven, that is knowledge. When the student learns hands on how to operate the various parts of the car,being able to steer left, right, front and back and use the brakes to halt the car,that is skill and if the student can drive to a particular destination in the car ensuring his own safety and that of the people, animals and other things along the way,that is competence.
Aims and objectives
To develop a curriculum and textbooks imbued with the national spirit with a view to cultivating the humanistic values.
A congenial and joyful environment needs to be created in the schools to promote healthy physical and mental development of the children.
To initiate a uniform and mandatory syllabus for some basic subject.
To help the student inculcate moral and spiritual values like idea of justice,sense of duty, discipline and etiquettes, non communalism, human rights,accommodative attitudes toward corporate living.
To ignite in them the spirit of our National liberation movement and encourage them with patriotism to dedicate themselves to nation building.
Subjects to minimize
In the new curriculum, 10 types of learning areas have been fixed for the pre primary to class 10 level. There will be no separate books for pre primary and primary children. Eight subjects have been selected for primary student. These are bangla, english, math, science, social Science, religion, well being,art and culture. The teachers will be given instruction book on Teaching these subjects.
Students from class 8-10 will be taught from 10 common books.these will be on bangla, english, math,life and livelihood, science, social science, digital technology, religions education, well being, art and culture. The classes will be divided into groups from class 11.
Exam and assessment
According to the proposed curriculum, there will be no school exams before class 3. There will be a regular assessment in the educational institutions. In class 3 and 4, ongoing evaluation 70% percent, remaining 30% in the annual exam. In class 6 to 8 ongoing evaluation 60% and 40% in the annual exam. In class 9 and 10, 50% ongoing assessment and 50% annual exam.
In s.s.c, the exam will be held on 5 subject of the 10 subjects of class 10. These will be Bangla,english, math,Science and social science. The evaluation of the other 5 subjects will be done in the educational institution.
If the new decision comes into effect, the s.s.c exam will be completed within 5 working days instead of 32 working days.
According to the outline of the curriculum, there will be 12 papers or 6 subjects of higher secondary class 11 and 12 in class 11, alongside the compulsory subjects of bangla, english and digital technology, the students will have exams in the first paper of all the subjects of that particular group. That means, in class 11, public exam will be held on six subjects in total. In class 12, there will also be other six subjects in the public exam. In the new curriculum, there will be three u papers per subject in the three subject of each group. The h.s.c final results will be based on the combined results of the two exam stay.
Two day weekly holiday
At present, the educational institutions have one day weekly holiday. In the new curriculum the educational institutions will remain closed on Friday and Saturday like government offices. However, schools will remain open on National days such as shahid dibos.national mourning day,international mother language day,independence day and victory day. On those days no classes will be held,but the students will have to come to Schools to perform various Cultural programmes,based on their attendance evaluation will be attached to their final results.
What experts say
The new curriculum have been prepared keeping in mind the present times,information technology and various other matters. It will be a challenge to implement the regular evaluation. The teachers must be made more qualified and institutional capacity will have to be enhanced.
Bangladesh has made a significant progress in providing more young people with access to secondary education, increased enrolment, especially for girls,increased number of schools and College, reduction of gender inequality in education, revision of curriculum etc. Even so,in spite of all remarkable achievement, declining quality in secondary education system, which is related in our National and day to days life.very nice your future life.